At Bushnell University you’ll study biology in a Christ-centered environment that champions wisdom, faith, and service.

Whether you’re interested in medicine and health occupations, agriculture, ecology, research, physical therapy, or veterinary medicine, the biology program at Bushnell University can help you reach your goals. You’ll work closely with instructors and advisors to choose the courses, research projects, and internship opportunities that provide you with the best preparation and most competitive edge.


Professional Pathways in the Biology Major:

Pre-Health Sciences

This pathway emphasizes courses related to human health and disease in order to prepare students for admission to professional schools including medical, dental, physician assistant, physical therapy and occupational therapy.

Molecular, Cell, and Developmental Biology

The courses recommended in this pathway focus on genetics, cell, molecular, and developmental biology as well as general and organic chemistry and biochemistry. The concentration best prepares students interested in pursuing an M.S. or Ph.D. in Biology.

General Biology

The courses recommended in this pathway offer students the best opportunity for the broadest exposure to all of the subdisciplines of biology providing students with the broadest opportunity to pursue a variety of careers in the biological sciences to further their education.

Career Opportunities

Professional Schools

Many professional schools require a degree, or significant course work in biology, including medical (MD or OD), dental, veterinary, nursing, physician’s assistant, physical therapy, radiology, speech therapy, audiology, ophthalmology, and occupational therapy schools.

Graduate Programs

Earn a master’s or doctoral degree in anatomy, molecular biology, marine biology, botany, forestry, animal science, physiology, or zoology to name a few.


Work at a hospital, medical office, non-profit, science museum, zoo, veterinary office, university, food manufacturer (in research or quality control), an environmental company, or go to work for the government or a private research company in the area of agriculture, pharmaceuticals, fisheries, forestry, or natural resources. Consider teaching, or tutoring. Be a missionary.


Be a better scout leader, park guide, foster care provider, senior nutrition assistant, or short-term missionary.

Practical Experience

All biology majors will participate in either a scientific research project or an internship in their field of interest. These experiences help you prepare for the next step in your career by providing practical experience and networking opportunities.

Integration of Faith and Science

Firstly, this course is designed to help us examine how to integrate our understanding of the Two Books of God: The Book of Scripture and The Book of Nature. What do we do when our interpretations of scripture and science seem to be in conflict? How should the Two Books inform our understanding of one another? Secondly, we will address the questions of how to find meaning and purpose in the work we do and how to pursue a sense of calling.


An introduction to classical Mendelian and contemporary molecular genetics. Topics include Mendelian patterns of inheritance, transmission genetics, chromosome structure and function, genetic mutation, chromosomal aberrations, the structure, function and control of genes, techniques in genetics and model organisms, cell-cycle dynamics, recombinant DNA mechanisms, population genetics.

Human Anatomy and Physiology I

A study of the structure and function of the human body using a systems approach combined with case studies and critical thinking applications. The following systems will be covered: cells, tissues, integument, nervous, endocrine, and reproductive.

Human Anatomy and Physiology II

A study of the structure and function of the human body using a systems approach combined with case studies and critical thinking applications. The following systems will be covered: skeletal, muscular, circulatory, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, and urinary systems. Prerequisite: BIOL 311. Co-requisite: BIOL 312L. Students must enroll in a concurrent laboratory section.

Cell Biology

A study of processes common to life at the cellular level. This course deals primarily with the structure and function of eukaryotic cells and their organelles.


A medically oriented survey of bacteria, viruses and other microorganisms, body defenses, immunology, sterilization and disinfection, and a discussion of representative infectious diseases.


The endocrine system, nervous system and immune system each secretes its own chemical Bioregulators: hormones, neurocrines and cytocrines. This course will provide students with an overview of Chemical Bioregulation by introducing them to the specialized fields of endocrinology, neurobiology and immunology and then considering the interactions of these systems as they regulate one other.


A study of the interactions between environment, flora and fauna at the population, community and ecosystem levels, including current theory and application.

Developmental Biology

An in-depth study of the processes of vertebrate development and reproduction. Gametogenesis, fertilization, cleavage, gastrulation, organogenesis and histological differentiation are discussed.


A broad survey of neuroscience, including gross anatomy of the nervous system and the molecular and cellular bases of neurons and their function.

Advanced Molecular Biology

This course introduces students to advanced concepts of molecular biology. One of the larger goals of modern molecular biology is to elucidate the connections between the genotype (the sequence of nucleotide base-pairs in the organism’s genome) and the phenotype (observable traits and behaviors) of all organisms in terms of a general and comprehensive molecular theory. Topics include molecular structure of genes and chromosomes, transcriptional and post-transcriptional control of gene expression, cell signaling, metabolism of proteins and lipids, apoptosis, cancer, molecular genetic techniques.

Advanced Organismal Biology

Organismal biology is the study of structure, function, ecology, and evolution at the level of the organism and plays a central role in answering conceptual questions about both ecology and evolution. This course addresses the underlying molecular and environmental bases of individual variation and the consequences of phenotypic variation for fitness and organismal interactions.

Degree Requirements

Here you will find everything you need to know about what is required to successfully complete your degree. Whether you are beginning college for the first time or are a transfer student, we’ve got you covered.

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Program Director
School of Arts and Sciences
Paul Allee, Ph.D.
Associate Professor of Biology

Ph.D., University of Oregon B.S., University of Southern Maine Dr. Allee arrived at Bushnell in 2014. He teaches a variety of courses within the …